By Joachim Koch
Since its inception in 1838, G.P. Putnam's Sons have grown into one of the most respected - and controversial - publishing houses in the United States. In 1996, the publishing house became an imprint of the Penguin Group and continues to publish the works of outstanding authors of both fiction and non-fiction.
A Quick History of G.P. Putnam's Sons
George Palmer Putnam and John Wiley entered a partnership in 1838, setting up office in New York City. Three years later, Putnam went to London to set up a branch there, making Putnam the first American publishing company with an office there. When Putnam returned to New York in 1848, he dissolved the partnership with Wiley, who went on to start John Wiley & Sons, which still exists as an independent publisher today. He started G.P. Putnam and Company.
In 1853 Putnam's Monthly Magazine of American Literature, Science and Art was launched with Charles Frederick Briggs as editor. The magazine later merged with Emerson's United States Magazine and again with The Atlantic Monthly. Throughout the latter half of the nineteenth century, the publishing house stayed abreast of trends in America's interests and reading habits.
Founder George P. Putnam passed away in 1872, leaving his heirs to run the firm. They renamed it George P. Putnam's Sons. George H Putnam took on the role of president, which he held for the next 52 years. Meanwhile, the second half of the nineteenth century held some interesting milestones for the firm. In 1880, the company accepted a 200,000-word manuscript scrawled in pencil on yellow paper. It was written by 19-year-old Anna Katherine Green. Published as The Leavenworth Case, the book helped establish the genre of the detective novel.
In 1884, Theodore Roosevelt convinced the firm that he was ardently interested in a publishing career and became a special partner. He barraged the firm with mostly absurd proposals. But George P. Putnam's Sons would go on to publish Roosevelt's The Naval War of 1812 and The Winning of the West.
The publishing house brought legendary authors like James Fenimore Cooper, Edgar Allan Poe, Vladimir Nabokov, Joseph Conrad, and Robert A Heinlein to American readers. Today, as an imprint of Penguin USA, George Putnam's Sons publishes well-known authors like Tom Clancy, Clive Cussler, Patricia Cornwell, Sue Grafton, Amy Tan, and Kurt Vonnegut. The company has had more New York Times bestsellers in fiction and non-fiction than any other publishing house.
Identifying George Putnam's Sons' First Editions
Since 1928, G.P. Putnam's Sons has published several statements regarding the identifications of its first editions in the US and the UK.
G.P. Putnam's Sons, LTD (UK)
1928-1947: First editions are indicated on the title page with the words "First Printed." Later editions include the month and year of the reprint. If the content of the book is changed significantly, this will be denoted with the words "Second Edition" on the title page, followed by the month and year.
G.P. Putnam's Sons (US)
1928-1959: The title page does not normally include any entry on the back of the title page to indicate first editions. But when a book is printed subsequent times, the dates of the first printing and following printings appear under the copyright notice. The absence of this note indicates that a book is a first edition. The publishers avoid using the term "second edition" unless there's actually some material difference from the first edition. On staple items that are reprinted annually, the date is omitted from the title page.
1960-1988: All editions other than the first include the words "second (or "third, "fourth, etc) impression" on the copyright page. The first edition has no such indication.
1989-1992: A sequence of numbers from 1 to 10 appears from right to left on the copyright page. The last number on the left indicates the printing. Thus if all numbers are present, the book is a first edition. If a Putnam edition has previously been published overseas, it will be identified on the copyright page as the First American Edition.
1993-Present: G.P. Putnam's Sons began following the first edition identification conventions of the Putnam & Grosset Group. First editions aren't identified except that the copyright page indicates the year of publication. Books that are reprinted include no indication of which printing they are. If a subsequent printing contains new copyrightable material, it will include both the new and the original copyright years.
It's important to note that Philomel Books and G.P. Putnam's Sons carry a code in numbers along with the words "First Impression" for all first editions. Later printings these words are deleted, and the lowest number listed indicated the printing.
(Posted on Books Tell You Why. Presented here by permission of the author.)